Driving Licenses in Spain for Foreigners (in English!)

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Updated at 08-03-2022

We explain all the details that you must take into account when obtaining a new driving license in Spain, as this can be more difficult than in other countries. Also learn about the existing regulations and which countries already have an exchange.

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The countries with an agreement with Spain are:

  • Asia: Philippines, South Korea, Japan
  • Africa: Algeria, Morocco
  • Europe: Switzerland, Croatia, Andorra, Serbia
  • South America: Venezuela, Brazil, Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, El Salvador, Ecuador, Peru, Dominican Republic, Paraguay, Uruguay, Guatemala.

To sum up, the non-EU/EEA license holders, and the countries that were not listed above have to take a Spanish test in order to continue driving within Spain.

Spanish driver’s license test in English

It is compulsory to take two examinations:

  • A theory test that consists of 30 questions in which you only can make up to 3 mistakes, otherwise, you will fail. This test can be taken in English, Spanish, French and German, plus any regional co-official languages (e.g. Catalan in Catalonia). This examination is taken at the Jefatura Provincial de Tráfico and must be scheduled in advance. You need to select your preferred language when you fill out the request. You can learn the material at a physical or online driving school, with a few offering material in English.
  • A practical test that lasts 25 minutes approximately. These kinds of tests will be done on roads, highways, or avenues. To take this exam, you have to have the following requirements: ID card (tarjeta de residencia, usually your NIE), a medical certificate issued in an approved medical center in Spain, and a certificate from a driving instructor. Driving lessons from an authorized school are mandatory, even if you have been driving for years in your home country!

Other considerations regarding Spanish driver’s licenses

European Community driving licenses are only valid if the holder of the license has passed a psychophysical medical exam within the periods established by Spanish law, nowadays, every 10 years until the person turns 65 years old, or every 5 years after age 65.

If the candidate fails the psychophysical medical test, this license will no longer be valid. You also have to take into consideration that all already expired EU Driving License are not valid in Spain either. Therefore, you must take the tests to get the license.

Other things to consider before taking the tests are the regulations you find in Spain for driving. The first thing that you have to know is the different signs and indications you may find on the road, which varies from one country to another. For example, if you come from the UK, chances are that you are used to driving on the other side of the road. Hence, you may find difficulties understanding certain signs in Spain, and when is the exact moment to turn left or right.

Another thing to point out is the speed limit in the country. In Germany for example, it is totally normal to go really fast, while in Spain there is a limit that varies on the roads.

Whether you are an experienced driver or not, driving licenses in Spain are very important if you plan to own a car in that country.

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